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Punishment Offenses in Indian Penal Code

Punishment Offenses in Indian Penal Code
Punishment Offenses in Indian Penal Code

The Indian penal code is an authoritative legal code designed to govern all aspects of penal law. It is a very thorough legal code meant to cover all legal aspects of criminal legislation. Though it is one of the most complicated codes in the world, the criminal laws framed by this code have helped many people break various crimes such as murder, theft, dishonor, adultery, piracy, fraud, kidnapping, and assault. The Indian penal code has provisions that help in tackling sexual crimes like rape, voyeurism, and gay sex.

Indian criminal law incorporates all sections of the penal code and devises punishment for different types of crimes, including minor offences like theft, vandalism, trespass, and keeping stolen articles. For serious crimes like murder, rape, theft, sexual crimes, kidnapping, or abetment of crimes, the punishment is prescribed under separate provisions of the Indian penal code. The punishment for minor offenses such as drinking in public, common law offenses like highway robbery and housebreaking, and drug offenses are established by general laws of the state and are punished with imprisonment or sometimes, hard labor. Drug offenses that result in death are also punished with the death penalty.

There are three basic sections of the Indian penal code, which are more commonly known as the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Code of Criminal Laws, and the Offenders List. The Code of Criminal Procedure governs all criminal proceedings in the court and includes all sections of the Indian penal code, irrespective of their nature. This includes sections related to procedures of arrest and lodging of the complaint, giving notice to the accused, investigation, trial, hearing of the case, disposal of the case, appeal and judgment, etc. All the procedures that are related to the formulation of evidence, use of witnesses, process of cross-examination, and argument in the court are governed by this code. Excepting some specified sections, this code does not apply to other sections of the Indian penal code.

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